The Children and Young Peoples Commissioner for Human Rights (CYPCS 2018) published the results of their investigation into the use of restraint and seclusion in Scotland’s schools on 15.12.18. Their investigation focused on the reporting and recording of restraint and seclusion reflecting concerns raised by the UN CRC and by parents regarding the use of such interventions. CALM will respond directly to the CYPCS whose full report can be accessed via the  CYPCS website but felt that urgent guidance for CALM using schools and Local Authorities was necessary as the report’s recommendations in one area caused us some concern in relation to the potential short term implications for some vulnerable children in some schools and authorities.

Attached below is CALM’s initial response to the report to support CALM using organisations. We welcome your comments on the document and are keen to stress CALM’s willingness to support you in your efforts to promote and achieve best practice for the Young People you support.

What is Dementia?

Dementia is an umbrella term used to describe a range of progressive neurological disorders, that is, conditions affecting the brain. There are many different types of dementia, of which Alzheimer’s disease is the most common.

Some people may have a combination of types of dementia.  Regardless of which type is diagnosed, each person will experience their dementia in their own unique way.

Rates of dementia in the UK

Dementia is a global concern but it is most often seen in wealthier countries, where people are likely to live into very old age. The Alzheimer’s Society (2015) reports there are over 850,000 people living with dementia in the UK today. Of these, approximately, 42,000 are people with young onset dementia, which affects people under the age of 65.  As a person’s age increases, so does the risk of them developing dementia. It is estimated that the number of people living with dementia in the UK by 2025 will rise to over 1 million. Rates of diagnosis are improving but many people with dementia are thought to still be undiagnosed.

It is important that an accurate diagnosis is made as early as possible so that people can receive the appropriate advice, support and treatment,  and can start planning for their future.